Self-Stabilization is related to Autonomic Computing, which entails several "Self-*" attributes: self-management, self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimization, and self-protection. Abstractly, self-stabilization appears related to traditional topics of control theory (stability of control loops); however, the requirement of recovery from arbitrary transient faults includes arbitrary changes to the state of any presumed controller--the controller must be engineered to self-recover above all. Furthermore, the literature of self-stabilization is mostly discrete and uses techniques from distributed computing research. The book Self-Stabilization by Shlomi Dolev surveys the topic. A rather dated bibliography about self-stabilization is this 1992 bibliography.
The next event will be:
in Osaka, 13-16 November, 2013. See symposium web page.